The Tent of Indigenous Knowledge, one of the highlights at the Pantanal South America Festival, will have news this year – a digital cinema, inside the Guarani Sky Planetarium, where visitors can see the constellations in motion. The tent will be at Generoso Ponce Square, central point of the event that takes place from November 11 to 14 in Corumbá (MS).
The objective is to spread the traditional knowledge and culture of the native peoples of Mato Grosso do Sul: Terena, Guató, Guarani, Ofaié, Kaiowá, Kadiwéu and Kinikinau. The Tenda will have two more ethnic groups: the Atikum, who since the 2000s have come from Pernambuco to MS, and the Kamba, from Bolivia, who have a group living in the Cristo Redentor neighborhood in Corumbá.
The place will receive about two thousand pieces of handicraft, such as ceramics, baskets, braided in natural fibers, Indian prints and fabric graphics, handcrafted with feathers and also typical foods like mafurê (corn flavored food). The indigenous will pass on information about 48 types of plants and medicinal roots used to cure diseases and diseases. There will also be films produced by indigenous people, as well as the opportunity for the public to perform body paintings according to the iconographic tradition of some ethnic groups and to learn to produce some types of handicrafts.
The Guarani Sky Planetarium is a space for astronomical observation. The initiative is a partnership between the State University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS) and the House of Science, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS). The public will have contact with the way the Guarani people interpret the constellations and the myths associated with them. Looking at the celestial bodies, indigenous people can decipher natural phenomena, such as floods and droughts, and better periods to hunt, plant and harvest.
“The purpose of Tenda is to demonstrate to society that, in addition to autonomy, indigenous peoples have an enormous capacity for society to know, to review and to recognize the historical and cultural value of these peoples,” says Evanize Lima, historian of the Mato Grosso do Sul.
In Mato Grosso do Sul there are about 75,000 indigenous people from eight ethnic groups. For Silvana Dias, undersecretary of Public Policies for the Indigenous Population, the participation of the indigenous community in the Festival increases the self-esteem of the Indians, who even improved their production to expose and market the products at the Festival, “the tent strengthens the identity of the people indigenous. It’s very important to be inside the Festival “, emphasizes Dias.